After completion of the public consultation opened in March this year1, the Bank of Italy finally issued on October 23, 2018 an updated version of Regulation No. 285/2013 (“Regulation 285”) on remuneration policies in the banking sector.
Banks and investment firms (società di intermediazione mobiliare) are now required to align with Regulation 285 by adopting compliant remuneration policies by the time the financial statements for fiscal year 2018 are approved2.
Among a number of significant changes, Regulation 285 introduces additional and more detailed provisions in the sensitive area of golden parachutes.
First of all, banks are required to identify the minimum performance requirements which must be met in order for a risk taker to receive a golden parachute. In addition, the criteria and limits (in terms of number of annual salaries) for the determination of golden parachutes must be first approved by the shareholders’ meeting.
In addition, golden parachutes must be considered for all purposes as variable remuneration and therefore:
(i) included in the fixed/variable ratio; and
(ii) subject to all the limitations and conditions applicable to variable remuneration, including in terms of deferral and partial pay out in instruments.
To more clearly reflect the above, the notion of variable remuneration as revised by Regulation 285 now expressly includes, among others, the severance amounts paid by the bank at the time of termination to settle a potential or actual labour dispute (including therefore golden parachutes).
The Bank of Italy thus confirms an approach that partially departs from the EBA Guidelines of December 2015, according to which severance payments (including golden parachutes) should not be taken into account for the purpose of both the calculation of the fixed/variable ratio and the application of deferral and pay out in instruments, when they are agreed “on a settlement in case of a potential or actual labour dispute, to avoid a decision on a settlement by the courts” and where “the institution has demonstrated to the competent authority the reasons and appropriateness of the amount of the severance payment”.
The Bank of Italy takes a much more prudential position and prefers to consider the amounts paid within the framework of a settlement agreement as variable remuneration for all purposes.
As a consequence, any amount given as severance at the time of termination, also when forcedly paid to avoid a lawsuit, is to be included in the fixed/variable ratio, is subject to deferral and must be partially paid out in instruments3.
As a partial exception to the above rule, the amounts paid on the occasion of a settlement agreement are excluded from the fixed/variable ratio (but still subject to deferral and partial pay out in instruments) if calculated on the basis of a pre-defined arithmetic formula to be reflected in the bank’s remuneration policy.
The same exclusion from the fixed/variable ratio applies also to the consideration paid for post-employment non-compete covenant which does not exceed, for each year of validity of the covenant, the last annual fixed remuneration4.
The Financial Intermediaries Regulations and Employment Departments of Legance are available to provide any clarifications, also in respect of any specific situation which may be of interest to you.
For further information: Marco Penna, Elena Ryolo